DDS | Interleaving Device
Simultaneous and Interleaved Acquisition of NMR Signals from Different Nuclei with a Clinical MRI Scanner
Our PD-DDS frequency synthesizer is an upgrade for Siemens MRI scanners that will enable truly simultaneous or rapidly interleaved (i.e. within the same pulse sequence) acquisition of signal from two different nuclear species. It is designed for Siemens MRI systems fitted with the MNO (multinuclear) option running the VB platform (e. g. Avanto, TIM Trio, 7T). The approach is general; therefore the device may potentially be applied with other manufacturers' MRI scanners.
Using the PD-DDS will overcome the limitation of acquiring only one signal from only one nuclear species per pulse sequence.
This enables, for example the implementation of:
- Interleaved acquisition of 13C or 31P and 1H spectra or images.
- 31P CSI interleaved with 1H navigators for online motion correction or dynamic shimming.
- Simultaneous acquisition of 23Na and 1H images for improved 23Na image reconstruction.
- And potentially other applications.
The PD-DDS device may be installed or removed from the scanner in appoximately a minute, requiring only a few cable connections to be changed. When the installed device is powered off the MRI scanner will work the same way as if the device was removed. Only the receive chain of the scanner is modified; the safety-critical transmit chain is not changed in any way, so the device has no implications for RF safety supervision. The device is compatible with all multinuclear-capable RF coils, requiring no alteration to their hardware, leaves the scanner's performance unchanged and is fully transparent to normal scanner operation. It may be used with anything from a simple single-channel coils to more complex multichannel receive arrays.
THIS PRODUCT IS NOT MEANT FOR ANY MEDIAL USE AND MAY NOT BE USED ON HUMANS OR ANIMALS.
Simultaneous and Interleaved Acquisition of NMR Signals from Different Nuclei with a Clinical MRI Scanner Martin Meyerspeer , Arthur W. Magill, Andre Kuehne, Rolf Gruetter, Ewald Moser, and Albrecht Ingo Schmid Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 76:1636–1641 (2016)
Read full text here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mrm.26056/pdf
|Number of channels||4|
|Frequency range||10 MHz to 350 MHz|
|Frequency resolution||approx. 3.55 µHz (1e9 / 2^48 Hz)|
|LO 1-4 inputs||4 (LEMO ERN.00.250.CTL)|
|LO 1-4 outputs||4 (LEMO ERN.00.250.CTL)|
|Maximum input power||6 dBm|
|Maximum output power||0 dBm|
|ENABLE IN / OUT 2||2 (LEMO ERN.00.250.CTL)|
|Enable high voltage||2.5 V to 5.5 V (active)|
|Enable low voltage||-0.5 V to 1 V (inactive)|
|Enable delay||5 µs (relay mode fast), 5 ms (relay mode slow)|
|Reference Clock REFCLK IN / OUT 2||2 (LEMO ERN.00.250.CTL)|
|Reference clock input power||3 dBm (2 dBm to 6 dBm)|
|Reference clock input frequency||10 MHz|
|Power supply||2 USB 2.0 or USB 3.0 ports of a PC|
|LEDs||Power (green) , Active / ENABLE IN > 2.5 V (yellow)|
|Dimensions||25 cm x 18 cm x 3 cm / 6HUx6HPx180mm|
|Weight||< 1 kg|